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2023年网络工程师教程(官方教材)

2022年11月16日来源:信管网 作者:cnitpm

2023年网络工程师教程没有改版,依然使用2018年审定通过的《网络工程师教程》(第5版),如果以前大家购买过,可以不用再买了,如果没有购买过,建议买一本。

《网络工程师教程》(第5版)购买【点击购买】

《网络工程师教程》(第5版)课程讲解【点击试听】

注意:虽然网络工程师教程没有改版,但是在2022年的时候改过封面,所以大家看到不同的两个“样貌”不要觉的是教程改版了。

2023年网络工程师教程由全国计算机专业技术资格考试办公室组编,雷震甲主编 严体华、景为副主编,由清华大学出版社出版,定价为128元。请考生购买时认准正版。

2023年网络工程师教程目录

第1章 计算机网络概论············1

1.1 计算机网络的形成和发展············1

1.2 计算机网络的分类和应用············3

1.2.1 计算机网络的分类············3

1.2.2 计算机网络的应用············6

1.3 我国互联网的发展············7

1.4 计算机网络体系结构············9

1.4.1 计算机网络的功能特性············9

1.4.2 开放系统互连参考模型的基本概念············11

1.5 几种商用网络的体系结构············18

1.5.1 SNA············18

1.5.2 X.25············20

1.5.3 Novell NetWare············21

1.6 OSI协议集············22

第2章 数据通信基础············27

2.1 数据通信的基本概念············27

2.2 信道特性············28

2.2.1 信道带宽············28

2.2.2 误码率············30

2.2.3 信道延迟············30

2.3 传输介质············30

2.3.1 双绞线············30

2.3.2 同轴电缆············31

2.3.3 光缆············33

2.3.4 无线信道············34

2.4 数据编码············35

2.5 数字调制技术············38

2.6 脉冲编码调制············40

2.6.1 取样············40

2.6.2 量化············41

2.6.3 编码············41

2.7 通信方式和交换方式············41

2.7.1 数据通信方式············41

2.7.2 交换方式············43

2.8 多路复用技术············46

2.8.1 频分多路复用············46

2.8.2 时分多路复用············47

2.8.3 波分多路复用············48

2.8.4 数字传输系统············48

2.8.5 同步数字系列············50

2.9 差错控制············50

2.9.1 检错码············51

2.9.2 海明码············51

2.9.3 循环冗余校验码············53

第3章 广域通信网············56

3.1 公共交换电话网············56

3.1.1 电话系统的结构············56

3.1.2 本地回路············57

3.1.3 调制解调器············61

3.2 X.25公共数据网············63

3.2.1 流量控制和差错控制············64

3.2.2 HDLC协议············69

3.2.3 X.25 PLP协议············75

3.3 帧中继网············78

3.3.1 帧中继业务············78

3.3.2 帧中继协议············80

3.3.3 帧中继的应用············82

3.4 ISDN和ATM············83

3.4.1 综合业务数字网············83

3.4.2 ATM虚电路············87

3.4.3 ATM高层············88

3.4.4 ATM适配层············89

3.4.5 ATM通信管理············90

第4章 局域网与城域网············93

4.1 局域网技术概论············93

4.1.1 拓扑结构和传输介质············93

4.1.2 LAN/MAN的IEEE············802标准············98

4.2 逻辑链路控制子层············100

4.2.1 LLC地址············101

4.2.2 LLC服务············101

4.2.3 LLC协议············102

4.3 IEEE············802.3标准············103

4.3.1 CSMA/CD协议············103

4.3.2 CSMA/CD协议的性能分析············108

4.3.3 MAC和PHY规范············109

4.3.4 交换式以太网············114

4.3.5 高速以太网············115

4.3.6 虚拟局域网············118

4.4 局域网互连············120

4.4.1 网桥协议的体系结构············120

4.4.2 生成树网桥············123

4.4.3 源路由网桥············129

4.5 城域网············131

4.5.1 城域以太网············132

4.5.2 弹性分组环············135

第5章 无线通信网············139

5.1 移动通信············139

5.1.1 蜂窝通信系统············139

5.1.2 第二代移动通信系统············140

5.1.3 第三代移动通信系统············142

5.2 无线局域网············143

5.2.1 WLAN的基本概念············143

5.2.2 WLAN通信技术············145

5.2.3 IEEE············802.11体系结构············150

5.2.4 移动Ad Hoc网络············156

5.2.5 IEEE············802.11的新进展············165

5.3 无线个人网············169

5.3.1 蓝牙技术············170

5.3.2 ZigBee技术············175

5.4 无线城域网············181

5.4.1 关键技术············181

5.4.2 MAC子层············182

5.4.3 向4G迈进············183

第6章 网络互连与互联网············186

6.1 网络互连设备············186

6.1.1 中继器············186

6.1.2 网桥············187

6.1.3 路由器············188

6.1.4 网关············189

6.2 广域网互连············190

6.2.1 OSI网络层内部结构············191

6.2.2 面向连接的网际互连············192

6.2.3 无连接的网际互连············194

6.3 IP协议············197

6.3.1 IP地址············198

6.3.2 IP协议的操作············200

6.3.3 IP协议数据单元············202

6.4 ICMP协议············203

6.5 TCP和UDP协议············204

6.5.1 TCP服务············205

6.5.2 TCP协议············205

6.5.3 TCP拥塞控制············208

6.5.4 UDP协议············211

6.6 域名和地址············211

6.6.1 域名系统············213

6.6.2 地址分解协议············214

6.7 网关协议············218

6.7.1 自治系统············218

6.7.2 外部网关协议············218

6.7.3 内部网关协议············220

6.7.4 核心网关协议············228

6.8 路由器技术············229

6.8.1 NAT技术············230

6.8.2 CIDR技术············232

6.8.3 第三层交换技术············234

6.9 IP组播技术············236

6.9.1 组播模型概述············236

6.9.2 组播地址············237

6.9.3 因特网组管理协议············238

6.9.4 组播路由协议············242

6.10 IP QoS技术············247

6.10.1 集成服务············248

6.10.2 区分服务············250

6.10.3 流量工程············252

6.11 Internet应用············254

6.11.1 远程登录协议············255

6.11.2 文件传输协议············256

6.11.3 简单邮件传输协议············257

6.11.4 超文本传输协议············258

6.11.5 P2P应用············261

第7章 下一代互联网············265

7.1 IPv6············265

7.1.1 IPv6分组格式············266

7.1.2 IPv6地址············270

7.1.3 IPv6路由协议············275

7.1.4 IPv6对IPv4的改进············277

7.2 移动IP············278

7.2.1 移动IP的通信过程············278

7.2.2 移动IPv6············280

7.3 从IPv4向IPv6的过渡············284

7.3.1 隧道技术············285

7.3.2 协议翻译技术············292

7.3.3 双协议栈技术············296

7.4 下一代互联网的发展············298

7.4.1 IP地址的分配············299

7.4.2 我国的下一代互联网研究············301

第8章 网络安全············304

8.1 网络安全的基本概念············304

8.1.1 网络安全威胁的类型············304

8.1.2 网络安全漏洞············305

8.1.3 网络攻击············305

8.1.4 安全措施的目标············306

8.1.5 基本安全技术············306

8.2 信息加密技术············307

8.2.1 数据加密原理············307

8.2.2 经典加密技术············308

8.2.3 现代加密技术············308

8.3 认证············312

8.3.1 基于共享密钥的认证············312

8.3.2 Needham-Schroeder

认证协议············313

8.3.3 基于公钥的认证············314

8.4 数字签名············314

8.4.1 基于密钥的数字签名············314

8.4.2 基于公钥的数字签名············315

8.5 报文摘要············315

8.5.1 报文摘要算法············316

8.5.2 安全散列算法············317

8.5.3 散列式报文认证码············318

8.6 数字证书············319

8.6.1 数字证书的概念············319

8.6.2 证书的获取············320

8.6.3 证书的吊销············321

8.7 密钥管理············321

8.7.1 密钥管理概述············321

8.7.2 密钥管理体制············322

8.8 虚拟专用网············325

8.8.1 虚拟专用网的工作原理············325

8.8.2 第二层隧道协议············327

8.8.3 IPSec············333

8.8.4 安全套接层············337

8.9 应用层安全协议············341

8.9.1 S-HTTP············341

8.9.2 PGP············341

8.9.3 S/MIME············343

8.9.4 安全的电子交易············344

8.9.5 Kerberos············345

8.10 可信任系统············346

8.11 防火墙············348

8.11.1 防火墙的基本概念············348

8.11.2 防火墙的功能和拓扑结构············349

8.12 计算机病毒及防护············353

8.12.1 计算机病毒概述············353

8.12.2 计算机病毒防护············355

8.13 入侵检测············357

8.13.1 入侵检测系统概述············357

8.13.2 入侵检测技术············363

8.13.3 入侵检测技术的发展············364

8.14 入侵防御系统············364

8.14.1 入侵防御系统的概念············364

8.14.2 入侵防御系统与入侵检测

系统的区别············365

8.14.3 IPS的优势与局限性············365

第9章 网络操作系统与应用服务器············367

9.1 网络操作系统············367

9.1.1 Windows Server·2008 R2 操作系统············367

9.1.2 Linux操作系统简介············370

9.2 网络操作系统的基本配置············371

9.2.1 Windows Server 2008 R2 本地用户与组············371

9.2.2 Windows Server 2008 R2 活动目录············372

9.2.3 Windows Server 2008 R2远程 桌面服务············377

9.2.4 Windows Server 2008 R2 远程管理············381

9.2.5 Linux网络配置············384

9.2.6 Linux文件和目录管理············390

9.2.7 Linux用户和组管理············398

9.3 Windows Server 2008 R2 IIS服务的配置············404

9.3.1 IIS服务器的基本概念············404

9.3.2 安装IIS服务············404

9.3.3 配置Web服务器············405

9.3.4 配置FTP服务器············407

9.4 Linux Apache服务器的配置············409

9.4.1 Apache的安装与配置············409

9.4.2 建立基于域名的虚拟主机············410

9.4.3 建立基于IP地址的虚拟主机············410

9.4.4 Apache中的访问控制············411

9.5 DNS服务器的配置············412

9.5.1 DNS服务器基础············412

9.5.2 Windows Server 2008 R2 DNS服务器的安装与配置············422

9.5.3 Linux BIND DNS服务器的安装············424

9.6 DHCP服务器的配置············427

9.6.1 DHCP服务器基础············427

9.6.2 Windows Server 2008 R2 DHCP服务器的配置············428

9.6.3 Linux DHCP服务器的配置············431

9.7 Samba服务器的配置············432

9.7.1 Samba协议基础············432

9.7.2 Samba的主要功能············433

9.7.3 Samba的简单配置············434

9.8 Windows Server2008 R2安全策略············435

9.8.1 安全策略的概念············435

9.8.2 账户密码策略设置············438

9.8.3 IPSec策略设置············440

9.8.4 Web 站点数字证书············443

第10章 组网技术············449

10.1 交换机和路由器············449

10.1.1 交换机基础············449

10.1.2 路由器基础············455

10.1.3 访问路由器和交换机············458

10.2 交换机的配置············459

10.2.1 交换机概述············459

10.2.2 交换机的基本配置············460

10.2.3 配置和管理VLAN············464

10.2.4 生成树协议的配置············468

10.3 路由器的配置············470

10.3.1 路由器概述············471

10.3.2 路由器的基本配置············472

10.4 配置路由协议············482

10.4.1 配置RIP协议············482

10.4.2 配置IS-IS协议············488

10.4.3 配置OSPF协议············490

10.4.4 配置BGP协议············494

10.5 配置广域网接入············499

10.5.1 配置PPP和DCC············499

10.5.2 配置帧中继············503

10.5.3 配置ISDN············504

10.6 IPSec配置与测试············506

10.6.1 IPSec实现的工作流程············506

10.6.2 IPSec配置举例············510

10.6.3 常见的故障············514

10.7 IPv6配置与部署············517

10.7.1 IPv6-over-IPv4 GRE隧道配置············518

10.7.2 ISATAP隧道配置············521

10.8 访问控制列表············525

10.8.1 ACL的基本概念············525

10.8.2 ACL配置命令············527

10.8.3 ACL综合应用············531

第11章 网络管理············537

11.1 网络管理系统体系结构············537

11.1.1 网络管理系统的层次结构············537

11.1.2 网络管理系统的配置············538

11.1.3 网络管理软件的结构············540

11.2 网络监控系统的组成············542

11.2.1 管理信息的组成············542

11.2.2 网络监控系统的配置············543

11.2.3 网络监控系统的通信机制············544

11.3 网络管理功能域············545

11.3.1 性能管理············545

11.3.2 故障管理············551

11.3.3 计费管理············552

11.3.4 配置管理············553

11.3.5 安全威胁············555

11.3.6 安全管理············558

11.4 简单网络管理协议············559

11.4.1 SNMPv1············560

11.4.2 SNMPv2············566

11.4.3 SNMPv3············569

11.5 管理数据库MIB-2············572

11.5.1 被管理对象的定义············572

11.5.2 MIB-2的功能组············577

11.5.3 SNMPv2管理信息库············581

11.6 RMON············584

11.6.1 RMON的基本概念············584

11.6.2 RMON的管理信息库············585

11.6.3 RMON2的管理信息库············586

11.7 网络诊断和配置命令············587

11.7.1 ipconfig············587

11.7.2 ping············590

11.7.3 arp············591

11.7.4 netstat············593

11.7.5 tracert············595

11.7.6 pathping············597

11.7.7 nbtstat············599

11.7.8 route············602

11.7.9 netsh············605

11.7.10 nslookup············609

11.7.11 net············616

11.8 网络监视和管理工具············617

11.8.1 网络监听原理············617

11.8.2 网络嗅探器············618

11.8.3 Sniffer软件的功能和使用方法············618

11.8.4 HP OpenView············620

11.8.5 IBM Tivoli NetView············622

11.8.6 CiscoWorks for Windows············624

11.9 网络存储技术············626

11.9.1 廉价磁盘冗余阵列············626

11.9.2 网络存储············630

第12章 网络规划和设计············633

12.1 结构化布线系统············633

12.2 网络分析与设计过程············636

12.2.1 网络系统生命周期············636

12.2.2 网络开发过程············639

12.2.3 网络设计的约束因素············643

12.3 网络需求分析············644

12.3.1 需求分析的范围············644

12.3.2 编制需求说明书············655

12.4 通信流量分析············657

12.4.1 通信流量分析的方法············657

12.4.2 通信流量分析的步骤············658

12.5 逻辑网络设计············664

12.5.1 逻辑网络设计目标············664

12.5.2 需要关注的问题············665

12.5.3 主要的网络服务············666

12.5.4 技术评价············667

12.5.5 逻辑网络设计的工作内容············668

12.6 网络结构设计············669

12.6.1 局域网结构············669

12.6.2 层次化网络设计············673

12.6.3 网络冗余设计············675

12.6.4 广域网络技术············677

12.6.5 广域网互连技术············682

12.6.6 安全运行与维护············689

12.7 网络故障诊断与故障排除工具············694

12.7.1 网络故障诊断············694

12.7.2 网络故障排除工具············696

12.7.3 网络故障分层诊断············698

12.8 网络规划案例············699

12.8.1 案例1············699

12.8.2 案例2············704

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